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dc.contributor.editorBartlett, Zane N.en_US
dc.creatorPotestas, Jesseen_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-06-11T22:00:59Z
dc.date.available2015-06-11T22:00:59Z
dc.date.created2015-06-11en_US
dc.date.issued2015-06-11
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10776/8327
dc.description.abstractIn a series of experiments during mid 1930s, a team of researchers in New York helped establish that bacteria of the species Toxoplasma gondii can infect humans, and in infants can cause toxoplasmosis, a disease that inflames brains, lungs, and hearts, and that can organisms that have it. The team included Abner Wolf, David Cowen, and Beryl Paige. They published the results of their experiment in Human Toxoplasmosis: Occurrence in Infants as an Encephalomyelitis Verification of Transmission to Animals. Toxoplasmosis is an infection that causes inflammations in the brain (encephalitis), heart (myocarditis), and lungs (pneumonitis). The disease is caused in organisms that consume items contaminated by the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. The bacteria can transfer from pregnant women to their fetuses during pregnancy (congenitally), and it can lead those fetuses to develop physical deformities and mental disabilities. The 1930s experiments established Toxoplasma gondii as a human pathogen and helped increase research into congenital toxoplasmosis, enabling later researchers to develop measures to prevent against the disease in pregnant women.en_US
dc.format.mediumtext/xhtmlen_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherArizona State University. School of Life Sciences. Center for Biology and Society. Embryo Project Encyclopedia.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofEmbryo Project Encyclopediaen_US
dc.rightsCopyright Arizona Board of Regentsen_US
dc.subjectExperimenten_US
dc.subject.lcshToxoplasmosisen_US
dc.subject.lcshColumbia Universityen_US
dc.subject.lcshColumbia University. College of Physicians and Surgeons. Bacterial Laboratoryen_US
dc.subject.lcshCongenital toxoplasmosisen_US
dc.subject.lcshCowen, Daviden_US
dc.subject.lcshEncephalomyelitisen_US
dc.subject.lcshInfectionen_US
dc.subject.lcshToxoplasma gondiien_US
dc.subject.lcshBacteriaen_US
dc.subject.lcshEncephalitisen_US
dc.subject.lcshBrain-Diseasesen_US
dc.subject.lcshInflammationen_US
dc.subject.lcshCongenital disordersen_US
dc.subject.lcshPathogensen_US
dc.title"Human Toxoplasmosis: Occurrence in Infants as an Encephalomyelitis Verification of Transmission to Animals" (1939), by Abner Wolf et al.en_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.rights.licenseLicensed as Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/en_US
dc.subject.embryoExperimentsen_US
dc.subject.embryoReproductionen_US
dc.subject.embryoDisordersen_US
dc.subject.tagToxoplasmosisen_US
dc.description.typeArticlesen_US


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