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dc.contributor.editorBartlett, Zane N.en_US
dc.creatorHaskett, Dorothy R.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-12-19T22:03:41Z
dc.date.available2014-12-19T22:03:41Z
dc.date.created2014-12-19en_US
dc.date.issued2014-12-19
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10776/8269
dc.description.abstractMitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is located outside the nucleus in the liquid portion of the cell (cytoplasm) inside cellular organelles called Mitochondria. Mitochondria are located in all complex or eukaryotic cells, including plant, animal, fungi, and single celled protists, which contain their own mtDNA genome. In animals with a backbone, or vertebrates, mtDNA is a double stranded, circular molecule that forms a circular genome, which ranges in size from sixteen to eighteen kilo-base pairs, depending on species. Each mitochondrion in a cell can have multiple copies of the mtDNA genome. In humans, the mature egg cell, or oocyte, contains the highest number of mitochondria among human cells, ranging from 100,000 to 600,000 mitochondria per cell, but each mitochondrion contains only one copy of mtDNA. In human embryonic development, the number of mitochondria, the content of mtDNA in each mitochondrion, and the subsequent mtDNA activity affects the production of the oocytes, fertilization of the oocytes, and early embryonic growth and development.en_US
dc.format.mediumtext/xhtmlen_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherArizona State University. School of Life Sciences. Center for Biology and Society. Embryo Project Encyclopedia.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofEmbryo Project Encyclopediaen_US
dc.rightsCopyright Arizona Board of Regentsen_US
dc.subjectConcepten_US
dc.subject.lcshMitochondrial DNAen_US
dc.subject.lcshMitochondriaen_US
dc.subject.lcshMitochondrial disordersen_US
dc.subject.lcshMitochondria--Diseasesen_US
dc.subject.lcshMitochondrial pathologyen_US
dc.subject.lcshMitochondrial DNA--Abnormalitiesen_US
dc.subject.lcshGenetic disordersen_US
dc.subject.lcshOrigin of mitochondriaen_US
dc.subject.lcshCell organellesen_US
dc.subject.lcshAltmann, Richarden_US
dc.subject.lcshBenda, C. (Carl), 1857-1932en_US
dc.subject.lcshMargulis, Lynn, 1938-2011en_US
dc.subject.lcshAdenosine triphosphataseen_US
dc.titleMitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)en_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.rights.licenseLicensed as Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/en_US
dc.subject.embryoTheoriesen_US
dc.subject.tagMitochondrial genomeen_US
dc.subject.tagFredrick Sangeren_US
dc.description.typeArticlesen_US


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