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dc.contributor.editorTurriziani Colonna, Federicaen_US
dc.creatorBarnes, M. Elizabethen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-14T23:18:44Z
dc.date.available2014-11-14T23:18:44Z
dc.date.created2014-11-14en_US
dc.date.issued2014-11-14
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10776/8239
dc.description.abstractThe Spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian Paradigm: A Critique of the Adaptationist Programme, hereafter called The Spandrels, is an article written by Stephen J. Gould and Richard C. Lewontin published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London in 1979. The paper emphasizes issues with what the two authors call adaptationism or the adaptationist programme as a framework to explain how species and traits evolved. The paper is one in a series of works in which Gould emphasized the role of development in evolutionary theories. The article suggests that constraints on how organisms can develop and constraints on how species can evolve from others play a central role in explaining the how species and traits evolve. The authors note that organisms from different species develop as embryos through stages similar across species, genera, and higher classes. Gould and Lewontin hypothesize that those stages constrained the possible pathways of evolution and has therefore guided the history of life. Throughout the paper, the authors rely on analogy of some parts of organisms to architectural structures called spandrels, marked in this image as 'a'."en_US
dc.format.mediumtext/xhtmlen_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherArizona State University. School of Life Sciences. Center for Biology and Society. Embryo Project Encyclopedia.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofEmbryo Project Encyclopediaen_US
dc.rightsCopyright Arizona Board of Regentsen_US
dc.subjectLiteratureen_US
dc.subject.lcshGould, Stephen Jay. Spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian Paradigmen_US
dc.subject.lcshGould, Stephen Jayen_US
dc.subject.lcshLewontin, Richard C., 1929-en_US
dc.subject.lcshEvolutionen_US
dc.subject.lcshadaptationen_US
dc.subject.lcshSpandrelsen_US
dc.subject.lcshHarvard Universityen_US
dc.subject.lcshBaer, Karl Ernst von, 1792-1876en_US
dc.title"The Spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian Paradigm: A Critique of the Adaptationist Programme" (1979), by Stephen J. Gould and Richard C. Lewontinen_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.rights.licenseLicensed as Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/en_US
dc.subject.embryoPublicationsen_US
dc.subject.embryoTheoriesen_US
dc.subject.tagdevelopmental constraintsen_US
dc.subject.tagvon Baer's Lawsen_US
dc.subject.tagadaptationismen_US
dc.description.typeArticlesen_US


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