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dc.contributor.editorBaranski, Marci
dc.creatorJiang, Lijing
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-18T21:38:59Z
dc.date.available2014-08-18T21:38:59Z
dc.date.created2014-08-18
dc.date.issued2014-08-18
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10776/8147
dc.description.abstractIn a series of experiments between 1960 and 1965, Robert Geoffrey Edwards discovered how to make mammalian egg cells, or oocytes, mature outside of a female's body. Edwards, working at several research institutions in the UK during this period, studied in vitro fertilization (IVF) methods. He measured the conditions and timings for in vitro (out of the body) maturation of oocytes from diverse mammals including mice, rats, hamsters, pigs, cows, sheep, and rhesus monkeys, as well as humans. By 1965, he manipulated the maturation of mammalian oocytes in vitro, and discovered that the maturation process took about the same amount of time as maturation in the body, called in vivo. The timing of human oocyte maturation in vivo, extrapolated from Edwards's in vitro study, helped researchers calculate the timing for surgical removal of human eggs for IVF.en_US
dc.format.mediumtext/xhtml
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherArizona State University. School of Life Sciences. Center for Biology and Society. Embryo Project Encyclopedia.
dc.relation.ispartofEmbryo Project Encyclopedia
dc.rightsCopyright Arizona Board of Regents
dc.subjectExperiment
dc.subject.lcshEdwards, R. G. (Robert Geoffrey), 1925-2013
dc.subject.lcshPincus, Gregory, 1903-1967
dc.subject.meshFertilization in Vitro
dc.subject.meshIn Vitro Oocyte Maturation Techniques
dc.subject.meshOocytes
dc.subject.meshLuteinizing Hormone
dc.titleRobert Geoffrey Edwards's Study of in vitro Mammalian Oocyte Maturation, 1960 to 1965en_US
dc.typeText
dc.rights.licenseLicensed as Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/
dc.subject.embryoExperiments
dc.subject.embryoReproduction
dc.subject.taghuman oocyte maturation
dc.description.typeArticles


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