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dc.contributor.editorDrago, Maryen_US
dc.creatorBaranski, Marcien_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-11-01T23:39:26Z
dc.date.available2013-11-01T23:39:26Z
dc.date.created2013-11-01en_US
dc.date.issued2013-11-01
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10776/6468
dc.description.abstractFarmers have long relied on genetic diversity to breed new crops, but in the early 1900s scientists began to study the importance of plant genetic diversity for agriculture. Scientists realized that seed crops could be systematically bred with their wild relatives to incorporate specific genetic traits or to produce hybrids for more productive crop yields. The spread of hybrids led to less genetically diversity than normal plant populations, however, and by 1967, plant scientists led an international movement for conservation of plant genetic resources through the United Nations's Food and Agricultural Organization, and later through the Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research, both of which are headquartered in Europe. To conserve plant genetic resources, researchers must collect and store plant germplasm-the genetic material required to propagate a plant-usually in the form of a seed.en_US
dc.format.mediumtext/xhtmlen_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherArizona State University. School of Life Sciences. Center for Biology and Society. Embryo Project Encyclopedia.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofEmbryo Project Encyclopediaen_US
dc.rightsCopyright Arizona Board of Regentsen_US
dc.subjectContexten_US
dc.subject.lcshGermplasm resources, Planten_US
dc.subject.lcshGermplasm resources, Plant--Storageen_US
dc.subject.lcshAgrobiodiversityen_US
dc.subject.lcshCrops
dc.subject.lcshBiodiversity
dc.subject.lcshBiodiversity conservation
dc.subject.lcshInternational Board for Plant Genetic Resources
dc.subject.lcshNational Germplasm Resources Laboratory (U.S.)
dc.subject.lcshGermplasm resources, Plant--Storage--In vitro
dc.subject.lcshUnited States. Office of Foreign Seed and Plant Introduction
dc.subject.lcshBailey, L. H. (Liberty Hyde), 1858-1954
dc.subject.lcshPlant breeding
dc.subject.lcshMeyer, Frank Nicholas
dc.subject.lcshVavilov, N. I. (Nikolaĭ Ivanovich), 1887-1943
dc.subject.lcshHarlan, Jack R. (Jack Rodney)
dc.subject.lcshBennett, Erna, 1925-2012
dc.subject.lcshHawkes, J. G. (John Gregory), 1915-2007
dc.subject.lcshFrankel, O. H. (Otto Herzberg), 1900-1998
dc.subject.lcshRockefeller Foundation
dc.subject.lcshNational Seed Storage Laboratory (U.S.)
dc.subject.lcshFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Crop Ecology and Genetic Resources Unit
dc.subject.lcshPichel, R. J.
dc.subject.meshSeedsen_US
dc.titleSeed Collection and Plant Genetic Diversity, 1900-1979en_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.rights.licenseLicensed as Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/en_US
dc.subject.embryoOrganizationsen_US
dc.subject.tagplant genetic resourcesen_US
dc.subject.tagplant collectionen_US
dc.subject.tagseed banken_US
dc.subject.tagseed collectionen_US
dc.description.typeArticlesen_US


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