Now showing items 1-20 of 30

    • 40 Weeks (2014) 

      Pollesche, Jessica
      In 2014, Big Belli, a media and social networking brand, released a documentary called 40 Weeks online. The documentary, directed by Christopher Henze, followed multiple women during their pregnancies. The film predominantly ...
    • Ann Trow (Madame Restell) (1812–1878) 

      Horwitz, Rainey
      Self-proclaimed female physician Ann Trow was a women’s reproductive health specialist as well as an abortion provider in New York City, New York during the mid 1800s. Though she had no formal medical training or background, ...
    • Barbara Seaman (1935–2008) 

      Horwitz, Rainey
      Barbara Seaman was a writer, investigator, and advocate for female healthcare rights during the twentieth century in the United States. Seaman’s work addressed the gendered prejudice she observed in the US healthcare system ...
    • Boston Women’s Health Book Collective, later Our Bodies Ourselves (1969–) 

      Horwitz, Rainey
      The Boston Women’s Health Book Collective was a women’s health organization headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts, that published the informational book Our Bodies Ourselves, which sold over 4.5 million copies. Initially ...
    • Carol Downer (1933– ) 

      Horwitz, Rainey
      Carol Downer was a reproductive health and abortion rights activist in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries in the US and other countries. During the late 1960s, many women reported knowing little about female anatomy ...
    • Chicago Women’s Liberation Union (1969–1977) 

      Horwitz, Rainey
      The Chicago Women’s Liberation Union, hereafter Union or CWLU, was a feminist union that operated in Chicago, Illinois, from 1969 to 1977 and was the first and largest union, at the time of its operation, focused on women’s ...
    • Copper Intrauterine Device (IUD) 

      Higginbotham, Victoria
      The copper intrauterine device, or IUD, is a long-term, reversible contraceptive first introduced by Howard Tatum and Jamie Zipper in 1967. Health care providers place an IUD inside a woman’s uterus to prevent pregnancy. ...
    • The Dalkon Shield 

      Horwitz, Rainey
      The Dalkon Shield was an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) that women used in the early 1970s and 1980s. Produced by the A.H. Robins Company in the US, the Dalkon Shield was a contraceptive device placed directly ...
    • Emma Goldman (1869–1940) 

      Horwitz, Rainey
      Emma Goldman was a traveling public speaker and writer known for her anarchist political views as well as her opinions on contraception and birth limiting in the late nineteenth century in the United States. Goldman ...
    • Evelyn Lorraine Rothman (1932–2007) 

      Horwitz, Rainey
      Evelyn Lorraine Rothman advocated for women’s reproductive rights and invented at-home kits for women’s health concerns in the late twentieth century in Los Angeles, California. Rothman provided women in the Los Angeles ...
    • The Excommunication of Margaret McBride (2009–2010) 

      Cleveland, Claire
      In 2010, the Catholic Church excommunicated Margaret McBride, a nun and ethics board member at St. Joseph’s Hospital and Medical Center in Phoenix, Arizona. McBride was excommunicated latae sententiae, or automatically, ...
    • First American Birth Control Clinic (The Brownsville Clinic), 1916 

      Horwitz, Rainey
      On 16 October 1916, Margaret Sanger opened one of the first birth control clinics in the United States in Brooklyn, New York, which some have called the Brownsville Clinic. Located at 46 Amboy Street, the clinic was a place ...
    • “Genetical Implications of the Structure of Deoxyribonucleic Acid” (1953), by James Watson and Francis Crick 

      Hernandez, Victoria
      In May 1953, scientists James Watson and Francis Crick wrote the article “Genetical Implications of the Structure of Deoxyribonucleic Acid,” hereafter “Genetical Implications,” which was published in the journal Nature. ...
    • Harvey Leroy Karman (1924–2008) 

      Horwitz, Rainey
      Harvey Karman was an abortionist, inventor, and activist for safe abortion techniques in the US during the twentieth century. Karman developed the Karman cannula, a flexible soft tube used for vacuum aspiration abortions. ...
    • Hodgson v. Minnesota (1990) 

      Horwitz, Rainey
      In the 1990 case Hodgson v. Minnesota, the US Supreme Court in Washington, D.C., upheld Minnesota statute 144.343, which required physicians to notify both biological parents of minors seeking abortions forty-eight hours ...
    • The Jane Collective (1969–1973) 

      Horwitz, Rainey
      The Jane Collective was an underground organization that provided illegal abortion services in Chicago, Illinois, from 1969 until abortions became legal in 1973. Formally called the Abortion Counseling Service of Women’s ...
    • Jane Elizabeth Hodgson (1915–2006) 

      Horwitz, Rainey
      Jane Elizabeth Hodgson was a physician who advocated for abortion rights in the twentieth century in the United States. In November of 1970, Hodgson became the first physician in the U.S. to be convicted of performing an ...
    • Lydia Estes Pinkham (1819–1883) 

      Horwitz, Rainey
      Lydia Estes Pinkham invented and sold Lydia Pinkham’s Vegetable Compound, a medicinal tonic used to treat menstrual discomfort and promote female reproductive health in general, in the US during the nineteenth century. ...
    • Lydia Pinkham’s Vegetable Compound (1873-1906) 

      Horwitz, Rainey
      First marketed in the US 1875, Lydia Pinkham’s Vegetable Compound was an herbal medicine used by women to relieve menstrual discomfort and menopausal symptoms in women. The herbal compound was invented by Lydia Estes Pinkham ...
    • Medical Vibrators for Treatment of Female Hysteria 

      Horwitz, Rainey
      During the late 1800s through the early 1900s, physicians administered pelvic massages involving clitoral stimulation by early electronic vibrators as treatments for what was called female hysteria. Until the early 1900s, ...