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  • Texas Medical Providers Performing Abortion Services v. Lakey (2012) 

    Gerais, Reem
    In the 2012 case Texas Medical Providers Performing Abortion Services v. David Lakey, a US appeals court ruled as constitutional a Texas law that required abortion providers in the state to show women receiving abortions ...
  • Interspecies SCNT-derived Humanesque Blastocysts 

    Taddeo, Sarah; Robert, Jason S.; Newkirk, Nicole
    Since the 1950s, scientists have developed interspecies blastocysts in laboratory settings, but not until the 1990s did proposals emerge to engineer interspecies blastocysts that contained human genetic or cellular material. ...
  • Diana W. Bianchi 

    Abboud, Alexis
    Diana W. Bianchi studied the medical treatment of premature and newborn infants in the US during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Bianchi helped develop non-invasive prenatal genetic tests that use cell-free fetal ...
  • United States v. Dennett (1930) 

    Malladi, Lakshmeeramya
    In the 1930 US federal court case United States v. Dennett, Mary Coffin Ware Dennett was cleared of all charges of violating the anti-obscenity Comstock Act, a charge she had incurred by distributing her sex education ...
  • Curt Jacob Stern (1902-1981) 

    Garcia, Dasia
    Curt Jacob Stern studied radiation and chromosomes in humans and fruit flies in the United States during the twentieth century. He researched the mechanisms of inheritance and of mitosis, or the process in which the ...
  • Planned Parenthood Committee of Phoenix v. Maricopa County (1962) 

    Nunez-Eddy, Claudia
    In the 1962 case Planned Parenthood Committee of Phoenix v. Maricopa County, the Arizona Supreme Court ruled that Arizona Revised Statute 13-213, which banned the public advertising of contraceptive or abortion medication ...
  • Hox Genes and the Evolution of Vertebrate Axial Morphology Experiment (1995) 

    Brinkman, Joe
    In 1995, researchers Ann Burke, Craig Nelson, Bruce Morgan, and Cliff Tabin in the US studied the genes that regulate the construction of vertebra in developing chick and mouse embryos, they showed similar patterns of gene ...
  • Pearl Mao Tang (1922– ) 

    Malladi, Lakshmeeramya
    A licensed obstetrician and gynecologist, Pearl Tang worked to improve the health of women and children in Maricopa County, Arizona, during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Her work with the Maricopa County Health ...
  • "The Premenstrual Syndrome" (1953), by Raymond Greene and Katharina Dalton 

    Zietal, Bianca E.
    In 1953, Raymond Greene and Katharina Dalton, who were doctors in the UK, published The Premenstrual Syndrome in the British Medical Journal. In their article, Dalton and Greene established the term premenstrual syndrome ...
  • State v. New Times, INC (1973) 

    Nunez-Eddy, Claudia
    In the 1973 case State v. New Times, INC, the Arizona Court of Appeals in Phoenix, Arizona, ruled that Arizona Revised Statutes 13-211, 13-212, and 13-213, collectively called the Arizona abortion statutes, were unconstitutional. ...
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Visualize Fetal Abnormalities 

    Garcia, Dasia
    Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a technique to create a three-dimensional image of a fetus. Doctors often use MRIs to image a fetuses after an ultrasound has detected an, or has been inconclusive about an, ...
  • Cornelia Isabella Bargmann (1961- ) 

    Garcia, Dasia
    Cornelia Isabella Bargmann studied the relationship between genes, neural circuits, and behavior in the roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries in the US. Bargmann’s ...
  • Leon Chesley (1908-2000) 

    Patel, Sarah
    Leon Chesley studied hypertension, or high blood pressure, in pregnant women during the mid-twentieth century. Chesley studied preeclampsia and eclampsia, two hypertensive disorders found in approximately five percent of ...
  • "Control of Corneal Differentiation by Extracellular Materials" (1974), by Stephen Meier and Elizabeth D. Hay 

    Gleason, Kevin
    In 1974, Elizabeth Dexter Hay and Stephen Meier in the US conducted an experiment that demonstrated that the extracellular matrix, the mesh-like network of proteins and carbohydrates found outside of cells in the body, ...
  • The Formation of Reticular Theory 

    Mishqat, Isra
    In the nineteenth century, reticular theory aimed to describe the properties of neurons, the specialized cells which make up the nervous system, but was later disconfirmed by evidence. Reticular theory stated that the ...
  • Dorothy Andersen (1901–1963) 

    Gerais, Reem
    Dorothy Andersen studied cystic fibrosis in the United States during the early 1900s. In 1935, Andersen discovered lesions in the pancreas of an infant during an autopsy, which led her to classify a condition she named ...
  • Sidney Q. Cohlan (1915-1999) 

    Zietal, Bianca; Tantibanchachai, Chanapa
    Sidney Q. Cohlan studied birth defects in the US during the twentieth century. Cohlan helped to discover that if a pregnant woman ate too much vitamin A her fetus faced a higher than normal risk of teratogenic effects, ...
  • My Father, My Son (1986), by Elmo Zumwalt, Jr., Elmo Zumwalt III, and John Pekkanen 

    Chou, Ceci
    My Father, My Son is a dual autobiography by father and son Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr. and Elmo Russell Zumwalt III published by Macmillan Publishing Company in 1986, detailing their experiences during the Vietnam War and ...
  • Betty Friedan (1921–2006) 

    Abdi-Moradi, Sepehr
    Betty Friedan advocated for the advancement of women's rights in the twentieth century in the United States. In 1963, Friedan wrote The Feminine Mystique, which historians consider a major contribution to the feminist ...
  • Austin Bradford Hill (1897-1991) 

    Abboud, Carolina
    During the twentieth century, Austin Bradford Hill researched diseases and their causes in England and developed the Bradford Hill criteria, which comprise the minimal requirements that must be met for a causal relationship ...

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