Effects of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure on Basal Ganglia Development
MetadataShow full item record
Prenatal exposure to alcohol (ethanol) in human and animal models results in a range of alcohol-induced developmental defects. In humans, those collective birth defects are called Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, with the most severe manifestation being Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). FAS is defined by pre- and post-natal growth retardation, minor facial abnormalities, and deficiencies in the central nervous system (CNS). The basal ganglia, one of the central nervous system components, are affected by exposure to ethanol during development. When exposed to alcohol in utero, the basal ganglia decrease in size resulting in poor motor coordination and defects in executive functioning.