Alexis Carrel's Tissue Culture Techniques
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Alexis Carrel, the prominent French surgeon, biologist, and 1912 Nobel Prize laureate for Physiology or Medicine, was one of the pioneers in developing and modifying tissue culture techniques. The publicized work of Carrel and his associates at the Rockefeller Institute established the practice of long-term tissue culture for a wide variety of cells. At the same time, some aspects of their work complicated the operational procedures of tissue culture. Thus Carrel's legacy had a mixed influence on the development of tissue culture techniques, which have been widely used in the fields of embryology and stem cell research.