Progestin: Synthetic Progesterone
AuthorButler, Aliya; Sheraden, Seward
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Progestin is a synthetic form of progesterone, a naturally occurring hormone, which plays an important role in the female reproductive cycle. During the 1950s two types of progestin that were later used in birth control pills were created, norethindrone and norethynodrel. In 1951 Carl Djerassi developed norethindrone at Syntex, S.A. laboratories located in Mexico City, receiving a patent on 1 May 1956. In 1953 Frank Colton developed norethynodrel at G.D. Searle and Company laboratories located in Chicago, receiving a patent on 29 November 1955. These two types of synthetic progesterone are important to the history of embryology because they facilitated the development and creation of the birth control pill, which changed the way people viewed birth control and revolutionized women's birth control methods.