Gregory Goodwin Pincus (1903-1967)
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Gregory Goodwin Pincus, one of the original researchers responsible for the development of the first oral contraceptive pill, was born in Woodbine, New Jersey, on 19 April 1903 to Russian Jewish parents. In 1924 Pincus received his BS degree from Cornell University, and in 1927 he received his MS and PhD from Harvard University, having studied under William Ernest Castle and William John Crozier. After this, Pincus studied at Cambridge University with Francis Hugh Adam Marshall and John Hammond, both reproductive biologists, and at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute with Richard Goldschmidt, a geneticist.