Now showing items 1-5 of 5

    • Annie Wood Besant (1847–1933) 

      Meek, Caroline; Nunez-Eddy, Claudia
      Annie Wood Besant was a social activist who advocated for women’s access to birth control as well as marriage reform, labor reform, and Indian Nationalism in the nineteenth century in England and India. In her early career, ...
    • Charles Bradlaugh (1833–1891) 

      Meek, Caroline
      Charles Bradlaugh was as a political and social activist in the seventeenth century in England. He held leadership positions in various organizations focused on social and political activism including the Reform League, ...
    • Charles Knowlton (1800–1850) 

      Meek, Caroline
      Charles Knowlton was a physician and author who advocated for increased access to information about reproduction in the nineteenth century in the US. Throughout his early medical education, Knowlton was particularly ...
    • The Fruits of Philosophy (1832), by Charles Knowlton 

      Meek, Caroline; Nunez-Eddy, Claudia
      In 1832, Charles Knowlton published The Fruits of Philosophy, a pamphlet advocating for controlling reproduction and detailing methods for preventing pregnancy. Originally published anonymously in Massachusetts, The Fruits ...
    • The Malthusian League (1877–1927) 

      Nunez-Eddy, Claudia
      The Malthusian League, founded in London, England, in 1877 promoted the use of contraception to limit family size. Activists Charles Bradlaugh and Annie Besant established the Malthusian League after they were arrested and ...