Now showing items 1-20 of 51

    • Annie Wood Besant (1847–1933) 

      Meek, Caroline; Nunez-Eddy, Claudia
      Annie Wood Besant was a social activist who advocated for women’s access to birth control as well as marriage reform, labor reform, and Indian Nationalism in the nineteenth century in England and India. In her early career, ...
    • August Karl Gustav Bier (1861–1949) 

      Erjavic, Nicole
      In the late nineteenth century, August Karl Gustav Bier was a surgeon in Germany who studied spinal cord anesthesia, later called spinal block. Bier found that, depending upon the amount of anesthesia introduced into the ...
    • Barry Morris Goldwater (1909–1998) 

      Nunez-Eddy, Claudia
      Barry Morris Goldwater was a Republican Arizona Senator and US presidential candidate in the twentieth-century whose policies supported the women's reproductive rights movement. Goldwater, a businessman and Air Force ...
    • Beal v. Doe (1977) 

      Nunez-Eddy, Claudia
      In the case of Beal v. Doe, tried in 1977, the US Supreme Court ruled that states could constitutionally restrict money from Medicaid from funding elective abortions. After the 1973 case Roe v. Wade, in which the US Supreme ...
    • The British Doctors’ Study (1951–2001) 

      Gaetano, Phil
      From 1951 to 2001, researchers at the University of Oxford in Oxford, England, conducted the British Doctors’ Study, a study that examined the smoking habits, disease rates, and mortality rates of physicians in Britain. ...
    • Butt Out for Baby (2003), by Child and Youth Health, South Australia 

      Gaetano, Phil
      Butt Out for Baby was a smoking cessation intervention guide, aimed at community health workers, that the Child and Youth Health group published in 2003. The literature was released as the chief publication of the Butt Out ...
    • Catherine DeAngelis (1940– ) 

      Darby, Alexis
      In the late-twentieth century in the United States, Catherine DeAngelis was a pediatric physician, researcher, and editor of multiple medical journals. During her time with the Journal of the American Medical Association, ...
    • Chang and Eng Bunker (1811–1874) 

      Bahjat, Mudhaffar
      Chāng (Chang) and Ēn (Eng) Bunker were conjoined twins in the nineteenth century in the United States, the first pair of conjoined twins whose condition was well documented in medical records. A conjoined twins is a rare ...
    • Charles Bradlaugh (1833–1891) 

      Meek, Caroline
      Charles Bradlaugh was as a political and social activist in the seventeenth century in England. He held leadership positions in various organizations focused on social and political activism including the Reform League, ...
    • Charles Knowlton (1800–1850) 

      Meek, Caroline
      Charles Knowlton was a physician and author who advocated for increased access to information about reproduction in the nineteenth century in the US. Throughout his early medical education, Knowlton was particularly ...
    • Charles Raymond Greene (1901–1982) 

      Zietal, Bianca E.
      Charles Raymond Greene studied hormones and the effects of environmental conditions such as high-altitude on physiology in the twentieth century in the United Kingdom. Green researched frostbite and altitude sickness during ...
    • “Child Development in the Context of Disaster, War, and Terrorism: Pathways of Risk and Resilience” (2012), by Ann S. Masten and Angela J. Narayan 

      Ali, Hira
      In 2012 Ann S. Masten and Angela J. Narayan published the article “Child Development in the Context of Disaster, War, and Terrorism: Pathways of Risk and Resilience” in Annual Reviews in Psychology. The authors conducted ...
    • The China-US Study on the Prevention of Neural Tube Defects using Folic Acid (1999) 

      Lynch, Lauren; Haskett, Dorothy Regan
      From 1993 to 1995 researchers led by Robert J. Berry from the US Centers for Disease Control headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, and Zhu Li from Beijing Medical University in Beijing, China, conducted a collaborative study ...
    • Clinica Para Madres (1934-1950) 

      Nunez-Eddy, Claudia
      The Clinica Para Madres (Mother’s Clinic) opened in Tucson, Arizona, in December of 1934 as the first birth control clinic in Arizona. After moving to Tucson, birth control activist Margaret Sanger, along with a group of ...
    • "Conservatism in Obstetrics" (1916), by Edwin B. Cragin 

      Foster, Sarah
      In 1916 Edwin B. Cragin in the United States published Conservatism in Obstetrics in which he discussed medical practices and techniques to preserve the vitality of pregnant women and their fetuses. Cragin argued that women ...
    • Countdown to Life: The Extraordinary Making of You (2015), by the British Broadcasting Corporation and The Open University 

      Pollesche, Jessica
      In 2015, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) partnered with The Open University to produce the three-part documentary series, Countdown to Life: The Extraordinary Making of You. Michael Mosley, a British television ...
    • David Reimer and John Money Gender Reassignment Controversy: The John/Joan Case 

      Gaetano, Phil
      In the mid-1960s, psychologist John Money encouraged the gender reassignment of David Reimer, who was born a biological male but suffered irreparable damage to his penis as an infant. Born in 1965 as Bruce Reimer, his penis ...
    • Elizabeth Blackwell (1821–1910) 

      Darby, Alexis
      In the nineteenth century, Elizabeth Blackwell was a women’s healthcare reformer and the first woman to receive her medical degree in the United States. She practiced medicine as a primary care physician in both the United ...
    • Eugen Steinach (1861–1944) 

      Nunez-Eddy, Claudia; Turriziani Colonna, Federica
      Eugen Steinach researched sex hormones and their effects on mammals in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in Europe. He experimented on rats by removing their testicles and implanting them elsewhere in their ...
    • Experiments on the Reproductive Costs of a Pure Capital Breeder, the Children’s Python (Antaresia childreni) (2013), by Olivier Lourdais, Sophie Lorioux, and Dale F. DeNardo 

      Kaminsky, Brittany
      In 2013, Olivier Lourdais, Sophie Lorioux, and Dale DeNardo conducted a study on the impact of the reproductive effort on the muscle size and the constriction strength of female Children’s pythons. Children’s pythons are ...