Priscilla White (1900–1989)
Priscilla White studied the treatment of diabetes in mothers, pregnant women, and children during the twentieth century in the US. White began working with children with Type 1 diabetes in 1924 at Elliott Proctor Joslin’s practice in Boston, Massachusetts. Type 1 diabetes is an incurable disease where the pancreas produces little to no insulin. Insulin is a hormone that allows the body to use sugar from food for energy and store sugars for future use. Joslin and White co-authored many publications on children and diabetes, in 1952, White helped Joslin found the Joslin Clinic. White noted that many of the children with whom she worked when they became mothers they passed the disease on to their children. Her research focused on diabetic pregnant women and female children with diabetes. White implemented the technique of delivering infants of diabetic women early, which increased the survival rate of diabetic women’s infants.