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dc.contributor.editorNunez-Eddy, Claudiaen_US
dc.creatorGaetano, Phil
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-30T20:43:03Z
dc.date.available2018-01-30T20:43:03Z
dc.date.created2018-01-30
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10776/13051
dc.description.abstractFrom 1951 to 2001, researchers at the University of Oxford in Oxford, England, conducted the British Doctors’ Study, a study that examined the smoking habits, disease rates, and mortality rates of physicians in Britain. Two epidemiologists, scientists who study occurrence and distribution of disease, Richard Doll and Austin Bradford Hill, initiated the study, and statistician Richard Peto joined the team in 1971. The objective of the study was to assess the risks associated with tobacco use, and its relationship to lung cancer. The researchers tracked 34,439 male doctors practicing in Britain, and recorded smoking habits, development of diseases including lung cancer, other cancers, respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, and mortality rates. The researchers published updated results every ten years. In 1980, Doll and other researchers concluded a related study on the smoking habits and disease rates of female doctors practicing in Britain. The results of both studies provided evidence that individuals who smoked tobacco were more likely to develop chronic respiratory illnesses, including lung cancer, and cardiovascular diseases.en_US
dc.format.mediumtext/xhtmlen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherArizona State University. School of Life Sciences. Center for Biology and Society. Embryo Project Encyclopedia.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofEmbryo Project Encyclopediaen_US
dc.rightsCopyright Arizona Board of Regentsen_US
dc.subjectExperimenten_US
dc.subject.lcshPeto, Richard, 1943-en_US
dc.subject.lcshDoll, Richarden_US
dc.subject.lcshHill, Austin Bradford, Sir, 1897-en_US
dc.subject.lcshTobacco use--Health aspectsen_US
dc.subject.lcshTobacco useen_US
dc.subject.lcshLungs--Canceren_US
dc.subject.lcshSmokingen_US
dc.subject.lcshTobacco smokingen_US
dc.subject.meshEpidemiologic Studiesen_US
dc.titleThe British Doctors’ Study (1951–2001)en_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.rights.licenseLicensed as Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/en_US
dc.subject.embryoExperimentsen_US
dc.description.typeArticlesen_US
dc.date.createdstandard2018-01-30en_US


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