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dc.contributor.editorGleason, Kevin M.en_US
dc.creatorZhu, Meilin
dc.date.accessioned2017-12-27T21:10:02Z
dc.date.available2017-12-27T21:10:02Z
dc.date.created2017-12-27
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10776/13033
dc.description.abstractDavid Baltimore studied viruses and the immune system in the US during the twentieth century. In 1975, Baltimore was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discovering reverse transcriptase, the enzyme used to transfer information from RNA to DNA. The discovery of reverse transcriptase contradicted the central dogma of biology at the time, which stated that the transfer of information was unidirectional from DNA, RNA, to protein. Baltimore’s research on reverse transcriptase led to the discovery of retroviruses, which accelerated the development of treatments for human immunodeficiency virus or HIV and cancer vaccines. Baltimore also influenced public policy and opinion on genetic engineering. In 1975, he helped organize the Asilomar Conference in Pacific Grove, California, which discussed the regulation of recombinant DNA or the DNA created using multiple sources of genetic material. Baltimore’s research demonstrated how retroviruses replicate and infect cells, and his influence on the Asilomar Conference on Recombinant DNA has guided discussions about regulating biotechnology.en_US
dc.format.mediumtext/xhtmlen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherArizona State University. School of Life Sciences. Center for Biology and Society. Embryo Project Encyclopedia.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofEmbryo Project Encyclopediaen_US
dc.rightsCopyright Arizona Board of Regenten_US
dc.subjectPeopleen_US
dc.subject.lcshBaltimore, Daviden_US
dc.subject.lcshCold Spring Harbor Laboratoryen_US
dc.subject.lcshCambridge-MIT Instituteen_US
dc.subject.lcshAlbert Einstein College of Medicineen_US
dc.subject.lcshDulbecco, Renato, 1914-2012en_US
dc.subject.lcshCenter for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogenyen_US
dc.subject.lcshLuria, S. E. (Salvador Edward), 1912-1991en_US
dc.subject.lcshAsilomar Conference on Recombinant DNA Moleculesen_US
dc.subject.lcshBerg, Paul, 1926-en_US
dc.subject.lcshSinger, Maxineen_US
dc.subject.lcshWhitehead Institute for Biomedical Researchen_US
dc.subject.lcshWolff, Sheldonen_US
dc.subject.lcshBaltimore, Daviden_US
dc.subject.meshDNAen_US
dc.subject.meshAcquired Immunodeficiency Syndromeen_US
dc.titleDavid Baltimore (1938– )en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.rights.licenseLicensed as Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/en_US
dc.subject.embryoPeopleen_US
dc.description.typeArticlesen_US
dc.date.createdstandard2017-12-27en_US


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