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dc.contributor.editorNunez-Eddy, Claudiaen_US
dc.creatorMeek, Caroline
dc.creatorNunez-Eddy, Claudia
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-05T22:43:44Z
dc.date.available2017-10-05T22:43:44Z
dc.date.created2017-10-05
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10776/12993
dc.description.abstractIn 1832, Charles Knowlton published The Fruits of Philosophy, a pamphlet advocating for controlling reproduction and detailing methods for preventing pregnancy. Originally published anonymously in Massachusetts, The Fruits of Philosophy was an illegal book because United States law prohibited the publishing of immoral and obscene material, which included information about contraception. In The Fruits of Philosophy, Knowlton detailed recipes for contraceptives and advocated for controlling reproduction. In 1877 in Europe, social activists Charles Bradlaugh and Annie Besant republished the pamphlet in London, England. At that time, many governments, including the United Kingdom, still considered the book illegal material due to its discussion of contraception. The Fruits of Philosophy was one of the first publications detailing contraceptive methods for controlling reproduction and activists used it in some of the first attempts at repealing obscenity laws in the United States and Great Britain. Through their efforts, Knowlton and those who later republished the pamphlet increased knowledge of reproduction and awareness of methods of contraception. By challenging anti-obscenity laws, the author and activists also helped with the eventual weakening and dissolution of such law.en_US
dc.format.mediumtext/xhtmlen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherArizona State University. School of Life Sciences. Center for Biology and Society. Embryo Project Encyclopedia.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofEmbryo Project Encyclopediaen_US
dc.rightsCopyright Arizona Board of Regentsen_US
dc.subjectLiteratureen_US
dc.subject.lcshKnowlton, Charles, 1800-1850en_US
dc.subject.lcshBradlaugh, Charles, 1833-1891en_US
dc.subject.lcshBesant, Annie, 1847-1933en_US
dc.subject.lcshBirth Controlen_US
dc.subject.lcshObscenityen_US
dc.subject.lcshObscenity (Law)--Great Britainen_US
dc.subject.lcshMalthus, T. R. (Thomas Robert), 1766-1834en_US
dc.subject.lcshMalthus, T. R. (Thomas Robert), 1766-1834. Essay on the principle of population.en_US
dc.titleThe Fruits of Philosophy (1832), by Charles Knowltonen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.rights.licenseLicensed as Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/en_US
dc.subject.embryoPublicationsen_US
dc.description.typeArticlesen_US
dc.date.createdstandard2017-10-05en_US


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