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dc.creatorLienhard, Dina A.
dc.date2017-08-08en_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-08-08T21:40:45Z
dc.date.available2017-08-08T21:40:45Z
dc.date.created2017-08-08
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10776/12974
dc.description.abstractFrom 1963 to 1982, researchers in New York City, New York, carried out a randomized trial of mammography screening. Mammography is the use of X-ray technology to find breast cancer at early stages. The private insurance company Health Insurance Plan of Greater New York, or HIP, collaborated with researchers Sam Shapiro, Philip Strax, and Louis Venet on the trial. The researchers’ goal was to determine whether mammography screening reduced breast cancer mortality in women. The study included sixty thousand women aged forty to sixty-four. Half of the women received two annual breast examinations that involved mammography, a breast exam, and an interview. The rest of the women were not invited for annual examinations. After follow up, the researchers found that of the women who received the examinations, thirty percent fewer died from breast cancer than the women who did not receive any examinations. The HIP trial was one of the first large-scale clinical trials to provide evidence that mammography screenings helped prevent breast cancer deaths in women.en_US
dc.format.mediumtext/xhtmlen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherArizona State University. School of Life Sciences. Center for Biology and Society. Embryo Project Encyclopedia.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofEmbryo Project Encyclopediaen_US
dc.rightsCopyright Arizona Board of Regentsen_US
dc.subjectExperimentsen_US
dc.subject.lcshHealth Insurance Plan of Greater New Yorken_US
dc.subject.lcshHIPen_US
dc.subject.lcshMammographyen_US
dc.subject.lcshBreastsen_US
dc.subject.lcshShapiro, Samen_US
dc.subject.lcshStrax, Philipen_US
dc.subject.lcshVenet, Louisen_US
dc.subject.lcshCarcinomaen_US
dc.subject.lcshCancersen_US
dc.subject.lcshWarren, Stafford L. (Stafford Leak), 1896-1981en_US
dc.subject.lcshEgan, Robert L., 1920-en_US
dc.subject.meshBreast Neoplasmsen_US
dc.subject.meshEarly Detection of Canceren_US
dc.subject.meshMass Screeningen_US
dc.subject.meshBreast Neoplasmsen_US
dc.subject.meshMortalityen_US
dc.titleHIP Randomized Breast Cancer Screening Trial (1963–1982)en_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.rights.licenseLicensed as Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/en_US
dc.subject.embryoExperimentsen_US
dc.subject.tagBreast Canceren_US
dc.description.typeArticlesen_US
dc.date.createdstandard2017-08-08en_US
dc.contributer.editorGleason, Kevin M.en_US


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