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dc.creatorHarbison, Corey
dc.description.abstractIn a series of experiments in the late 1970s, Alec J. Jeffreys in the UK and Richard A. Flavell in the Netherlands developed a technique to detect variations in the DNA of different individuals. They compared fragments of DNA from individuals’ beta-globin genes, which produce a protein in hemoglobin. Previously, to identify biological material, scientists focused on proteins rather than on genes. But evidence about proteins enabled scientists only to exclude, but not to identify, individuals as the sources of the biological samples. By 1979, Jeffrey’s experiments on beta-globin genes shifted the analytical approach of scientific identification from proteins to genes to identify an individual’s genetic identity. The ability to match a person to a biological sample developed in the 1980s and impacted many fields including paternity testing, forensics, immigration, and body identification.en_US
dc.publisherArizona State University. School of Life Sciences. Center for Biology and Society. Embryo Project Encyclopedia.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofEmbryo Project Encyclopediaen_US
dc.rightsCopyright Arizona Board of Regentsen_US
dc.subject.lcshDNA fingerprintingen_US
dc.subject.lcshForensic sciencesen_US
dc.subject.lcshGlobin genesen_US
dc.subject.lcshNucleic acid hybridizationen_US
dc.subject.lcshIn situ hybridizationen_US
dc.subject.meshDNA Restriction Enzymesen_US
dc.subject.meshDNA Probeen_US
dc.subject.meshDNA Hybridization Probesen_US
dc.subject.meshGenetic disordersen_US
dc.titleAlec Jeffreys’s Experiments to Identify Individuals by Their Beta-globin Genes (1977-1979)en_US
dc.rights.licenseLicensed as Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)
dc.contributer.editorHaskett, Dorothy R.en_US

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