Treatment of Anemia during Pregnancy (1931), by Lucy Wills
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In 1931, physician Lucy Wills conducted a study of nutritional deficiencies that caused anemia in pregnant women in Bombay, India, later renamed Mumbai. Anemia is a lack of healthy red blood cells in the blood. Wills published the results of her study in the medical article 'Treatment of ‘Pernicious Anaemia of Pregnancy' and 'Tropical Anaemia'' in the British Medical Journal in 1931. Wills's research contributed to knowledge of anemia and the possible causes associated with the disease, such as the symptoms of fatigue and irritability. Wills attempted to connect the association of B vitamins and anemia. Wills's findings influenced scientists to research the importance of folic acid, one of the B group vitamins, and the role it plays in the development of a fetus and in women's health.