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dc.contributor.editorRoss, Christian H.en_US
dc.creatorChou, Cecilia
dc.date.accessioned2017-03-09T23:02:33Z
dc.date.available2017-03-09T23:02:33Z
dc.date.created2017-03-09
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10776/11446
dc.description.abstractSpina bifida is a birth defect that affects the spines of developing fetuses and infants, and research in the 20th century indicated that chemicals in the herbicide Agent Orange likely lead to the birth defect. People with spina bifida can have nerve damage, paralysis, and mental disabilities. During the Vietnam War in the 1960s, the US military employed Agent Orange and other herbicides to destroy enemy crops and forest cover until 1970. Though studies of the link between Agent Orange exposure and birth defects were at first inconclusive, in 1995 the US National Academy of Sciences concluded that one birth defect, spina bifida, was associated with paternal Agent Orange exposure. Spina bifida was, by the twenty-first century, the only birth defect that the US Veterans Administration connected to Agent Orange exposure.en_US
dc.format.mediumtext/xhtmlen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherArizona State University. School of Life Sciences. Center for Biology and Society. Embryo Project Encyclopedia.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofEmbryo Project Encyclopediaen_US
dc.rightsCopyright Arizona Board of Regentsen_US
dc.subjectConcepten_US
dc.subject.lcshAgent Orangeen_US
dc.subject.lcshHerbicide orangeen_US
dc.subject.lcshOrange, Agenten_US
dc.subject.lcshOrange, Herbicideen_US
dc.subject.lcshHerbicidesen_US
dc.subject.lcshSpina bifidaen_US
dc.subject.lcshNeural tube--Abnormalitiesen_US
dc.subject.lcshSpinal cord--Abnormalitiesen_US
dc.subject.lcshSpine--Abnormalitiesen_US
dc.subject.meshSpinal Dysraphismen_US
dc.subject.meshSpina Bifidia Occultaen_US
dc.subject.meshMeningoceleen_US
dc.titleAgent Orange as a Cause of Spina Bifidaen_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.rights.licenseLicensed as Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/en_US
dc.subject.embryoDisordersen_US
dc.subject.tagAgent Orangeen_US
dc.subject.tagBirth Defectsen_US
dc.subject.tagSpina Bifidaen_US
dc.subject.tagVietnam Waren_US
dc.description.typeArticlesen_US
dc.date.createdstandard2017-03-09en_US


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