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dc.contributor.editorRoss, Christian H.en_US
dc.creatorKing, Jesse
dc.creatorChou, Cecilia
dc.date.accessioned2017-03-07T22:33:18Z
dc.date.available2017-03-07T22:33:18Z
dc.date.created2017-03-07
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10776/11443
dc.description.abstractSprayed extensively by the US military in Vietnam, Agent Orange contained a dioxin contaminant later found to be toxic to humans. Despite reports by Vietnamese citizens and Vietnam War veterans of increased rates of stillbirths and birth defects in their children, studies in the 1980s showed conflicting evidence for an association between the two. In 1996, the US National Academy of Sciences reported that there was evidence that suggested dioxin and Agent Orange exposure caused spina bifida, a birth defect in which the spinal cord develops improperly. The US Department of Veterans Affairs' subsequent provision of disability compensation for spina bifida-affected children marked the US government's first official acknowledgement of a link between Agent Orange and birth defects. By 2016, spina bifida and related neural tube defects were the only birth defects associated with Agent Orange.en_US
dc.format.mediumtext/xhtmlen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherArizona State University. School of Life Sciences. Center for Biology and Society. Embryo Project Encyclopedia.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofEmbryo Project Encyclopediaen_US
dc.rightsCopyright Arizona Board of Regentsen_US
dc.subjectConcepten_US
dc.subject.lcshAgent Orangeen_US
dc.subject.lcshHerbicide orangeen_US
dc.subject.lcshOrange, Agenten_US
dc.subject.lcshOrange, Herbicideen_US
dc.subject.lcshHerbicidesen_US
dc.subject.lcshSpina bifidaen_US
dc.subject.lcshNeural tube--Abnormalitiesen_US
dc.subject.lcshSpinal cord--Abnormalitiesen_US
dc.subject.lcshSpine--Abnormalitiesen_US
dc.subject.meshSpinal Dysraphismen_US
dc.subject.meshNeural Tube Defectsen_US
dc.titleAgent Orange Birth Defectsen_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.rights.licenseLicensed as Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/en_US
dc.subject.embryoDisordersen_US
dc.subject.tagAgent Orangeen_US
dc.subject.tagBirth Defectsen_US
dc.subject.tagSpina Bifidaen_US
dc.subject.tagVietnam Waren_US
dc.description.typeArticlesen_US
dc.date.createdstandard2017-03-07en_US


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