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dc.contributor.editorChou, Ceciliaen_US
dc.creatorAbboud, Carolina J.
dc.date.accessioned2017-02-16T15:37:06Z
dc.date.available2017-02-16T15:37:06Z
dc.date.created2017-02-16
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10776/11416
dc.description.abstractVirginia Apgar worked as an obstetrical anesthesiologist, administering drugs that reduce women’s pain during childbirth, in the US in the mid-twentieth century. In 1953, Apgar created a scoring system using five easily assessable measurements, including heart rate and breathing rate, to evaluate whether or not infants would benefit from medical attention immediately after birth. Apgar’s system showed that infants who were previously set aside as too sick to survive, despite low Apgar scores, could recover with immediate medical attention. Additionally, Apgar researched the effects of anesthesia used during childbirth and advocated for the prevention and management of birth defects. Apgar’s work led to a decrease in infant mortality rates in the mid-twentieth century, and into the twenty-first century, hospitals around the world still used the Apgar score at one and five minutes after birth.en_US
dc.format.mediumtext/xhtmlen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherArizona State University. School of Life Sciences. Center for Biology and Society. Embryo Project Encyclopedia.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofEmbryo Project Encyclopediaen_US
dc.rightsCopyright Arizona Board of Regentsen_US
dc.subjectPeopleen_US
dc.subject.lcshApgar, Virginia, 1909-1974en_US
dc.subject.lcshApgar scoreen_US
dc.subject.lcshPregnancyen_US
dc.subject.lcshObstetricsen_US
dc.subject.lcshChildbirthen_US
dc.subject.lcshAnesthesiologyen_US
dc.subject.lcshMarch of Dimes Birth Defects Foundationen_US
dc.subject.lcshAbnormalities, Humanen_US
dc.subject.lcshTeratologyen_US
dc.subject.lcshPublic healthen_US
dc.subject.lcshWomen in medicineen_US
dc.subject.meshApgar Scoreen_US
dc.titleVirginia Apgar (1909-1974)en_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.rights.licenseLicensed as Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/en_US
dc.subject.embryoPeopleen_US
dc.subject.embryoReproductionen_US
dc.subject.tagApgar scoreen_US
dc.subject.tagPregnancyen_US
dc.subject.tagBirth defectsen_US
dc.description.typeArticlesen_US
dc.date.createdstandard2017-02-16en_US


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