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dc.creatorKersten, Jillian Reneeen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-02-12T01:10:09Z
dc.date.available2017-02-12T01:10:09Z
dc.date.created2017-02-11en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10776/11410
dc.description.abstractTruman William Brophy developed a cleft palate surgical repair, later called the Brophy Operation, in the late nineteenth century US. The procedure improved facial aesthetics and speech in cleft palate patients. A cleft palate occurs during development when the palatal bones in the roof of the mouth don't completely fuse, leaving an opening, or cleft, in the upper lip and mouth. Brophy's cleft repair used compression inside and outside of the mouth to push the palatal bones into normal alignment shortly after birth. Brophy advocated surgery on newborns with cleft palates as soon as possible after birth, which met with opposition in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries when medical professionals did not operate on infants for non-life threatening conditions. However, Brophy's successful operations convinced many doctors to adopt his technique.en_US
dc.format.mediumtext/xhtmlen_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherArizona State University. School of Life Sciences. Center for Biology and Society. Embryo Project Encyclopedia.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofEmbryo Project Encyclopediaen_US
dc.rightsCopyright Arizona Board of Regentsen_US
dc.subjectPeopleen_US
dc.subject.lcshCleft palateen_US
dc.subject.lcshBrophy, Truman William, 1848-1928en_US
dc.subject.lcshDental educationen_US
dc.subject.lcshPennsylvania College of Dental Surgeryen_US
dc.subject.lcshRush Medical Collegeen_US
dc.subject.lcshChicago Dental Societyen_US
dc.subject.lcshAmerican Dental Associationen_US
dc.subject.lcshLoyola University Chicagoen_US
dc.subject.lcshMalformationsen_US
dc.subject.lcshBirth defectsen_US
dc.subject.lcshAbnormalities, Humanen_US
dc.subject.lcshCleft palate childrenen_US
dc.subject.lcshCleft lipen_US
dc.subject.lcshAmerican Cleft Palate Associationen_US
dc.subject.lcshChicago, Illinoisen_US
dc.titleTruman William Brophy (1848–1928)en_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.rights.licenseLicensed as Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/en_US
dc.subject.embryoPeopleen_US
dc.subject.embryoDisordersen_US
dc.description.typeArticlesen_US
dc.date.createdstandard2017-02-11
dc.contributer.editorO'Neil, Ericaen_US


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